What was the function of the Propylaea?

2021-01-09 by No Comments

What was the function of the Propylaea?

Propylaea is the name given to monumental gates or entranceways to a specific space, usually to a temple or religious complex and as such they acted as a symbolic partition between the secular and religious parts of a city. Less complex examples with a single entrance are known as a propylon.

What purpose did the Propylaea serve at the Acropolis?

The Propylaea was the monumental gateway to the Acropolis commissioned by the Athenian leader Pericles in order to rebuild the Acropolis at the conclusion of the Persian Wars.

Where is the Propylaea located?

Acropolis of Athens
Propylaea (Acropolis of Athens)

Propylaea of the Acropolis of Athens
Architectural style Classical
Location Athens, Greece
Construction started 437 BC
Completed 432 BC

What does the word Propylaea mean?

PROPYLAEA (pro pul i ya) The Propylaea or Propylaia is the monumental gateway leading to the entrance to the Acropolis in Athens. The word propylaia is the plural of the Greek propylaion, meaning “fore-gate,” indicating that the Propylaea is in fact a series of gateways.

What is the biggest structure at the Acropolis?

The Parthenon
The Parthenon, the largest building ever constructed on the Acropolis, measures 288 feet (69.5 meters) by 101 feet (30.9 meters) and stood about 65 feet (20 meters) high. Housing a gold and ivory statue of the goddess Athena, whom the temple was dedicated to, the structure was lavishly decorated in color.

What is a Triglyph in Greek architecture?

Triglyph is an architectural term for the vertically channeled tablets of the Doric frieze in classical architecture, so called because of the angular channels in them. The raised spaces between the channels themselves (within a triglyph) are called femur in Latin or meros in Greek.

What are 3 different areas of the Acropolis?

It is an amazing example of the Ionic architecture, composed of three different dimensions basic parts which are the main temple, the northern and the southern porches. The two parts of the main temple are respectively dedicated to Athena and Poseidon.

What is the most famous temple in Greece?

the Parthenon
The most famous classic temple in the world, the Parthenon at Athens, Greece . Acropolis Athens Greece, 1907.

Which is an example of the Greek propylaea?

The prototypical Greek example is the propylaea that serves as the entrance to the Acropolis of Athens. The Greek Revival Brandenburg Gate of Berlin and the Propylaea in Munich both evoke the central portion of the Athens propylaea.

Where was the Propylaea located on the Acropolis?

The Propylaea was the principal entrance to the acropolis of Athens. The principal entrance to the acropolis had always been on the west side of the escarpment since Mycenaean times and the Propylaea was built on the exact site of the Old Propylon (a modest columned porch) built from 490 BCE and destroyed by the Persians in 480 BCE.

Where did the name Propylaea come from in architecture?

The name propylaea is also applied to various monumental gateways, Neoclassical and Romantic in style, built in the late 18th and 19th centuries. They include the Propyläen of Munich (1862) and Berlin’s Brandenburg Gate (1784). This article was most recently revised and updated by Robert Lewis, Assistant Editor.

Which is the best description of the Propylaeum?

Propylaeum. Propylaeum, in ancient Greek architecture, porch or gatehouse at the entrance of a sacred enclosure, usually consisting of at least a porch supported by columns both without and within the actual gate. The most famous propylaeum is the one designed by Mnesicles as the great entrance hall of the Athenian Acropolis (begun in 437 bc ).