What was the bombardment of Hartlepool?

2019-05-24 by No Comments

What was the bombardment of Hartlepool?

On 16 December, 1914, the German Navy bombarded the town of Hartlepool, in north-east England, killing 130 people and injuring hundreds more. Dozens of buildings were destroyed or damaged and many of those hit are still scarred by pieces of shrapnel embedded in the walls.

When was bombardment of Hartlepool?

16th December 1914
The bombardment of Hartlepool is one of the most significant events in the town’s history. On the morning of 16th December 1914, as many were on their way to work and school, the town came under attack from the German Navy.

What did the Germans use to bomb Scarborough Hartlepool and Whitby in December 1914?

Casualties. The German ships fired 1,150 shells into Hartlepool, striking targets including the steelworks, gasworks, railways, seven churches and 300 houses.

Why did Germany bomb Hartlepool?

The basic reason for both Scarborough and Hartlepool being chosen as targets was that they were within a 24 hour striking distance from Germany. Had they intercepted the German battle group before it could launch its attacks the fact that the British had broken the enemy’s naval codes would have been readily apparent.

When was Scarborough Castle bombed?

It was the First World War atrocity which drove Winston Churchill to brand the Germans “baby killers”. Just before 8am on December 16, 1914, two enemy battlecruisers bombarded the seaside resort of Scarborough, killing 18 people including 14-month-old John Shields Ryalls.

When was Scarborough bombed?

16th December 1914 – Mainland Britain bombed – Scarborough. The first bombing of British civilians. German warships shelled the east coast of Britain. In Scarborough 119 people were killed.

Did Scarborough get bombed in WW2?

WW2 Air Raids There were over 20 air raids on Scarborough, mostly in 1940 and 1941. Blackouts in Scarborough during WW2 From the beginning of the war, precautions were taken to ‘black-out’ all lights. This was essential as it soon became clear that most bombing raids would take place at night.

Why is Scarborough called Scarborough?

The original Scarborough, in North Yorkshire, England, is a Victorian seaside resort town famous for its limestone cliffs. The modern city was built around a natural spa discovered in the 17th century and its Viking name is derived from the Scandinavian word “Skarðaborg,” meaning stronghold.

What do you call someone from Scarborough?

A person from Scarborough is traditionally known as a Scarborian, yet many different names are used.

Is Scarborough rough?

Scarborough is the most dangerous medium-sized town in North Yorkshire, and is among the top 5 most dangerous overall out of North Yorkshire’s 781 towns, villages, and cities. The overall crime rate in Scarborough in 2020 was 136 crimes per 1,000 people.

Why is Scarborough a bad reputation?

It’s no secret that Scarborough doesn’t have the greatest reputation. The word itself brings on negative associations of drugs, crime and violence, and it’s been like this for quite some time.

What is bad about Scarborough?

Scarborough Crime Overview Scarborough is the most dangerous medium-sized town in North Yorkshire, and is among the top 5 most dangerous overall out of North Yorkshire’s 781 towns, villages, and cities. The overall crime rate in Scarborough in 2020 was 136 crimes per 1,000 people.

When did the bombardment of Hartlepool take place?

On the morning of 16th December 1914, as many were on their way to work and school, the town came under attack from the German Navy. Although World War I had started several months before, this was the first time British civilians had come under fire. Over 1150 shells were fired during the attack.

What are the names of the ships in the Battle of Hartlepool?

The previous evening four battle cruisers, ‘Seydlitz’, ‘Moltke’, ‘Von der Tann’ and ‘Derrflinger’; one heavy cruiser, ‘Blucher’, four light cruisers and two flottillas of destroyers had left their base, heading out into the North Sea.

How many shells were fired at Hartlepool during WW2?

Hartlepool was the only one of the three towns which was defended. More than 1,000 shells were fired at it by three German cruisers over 40 minutes. The town had major shipyards and marine engine works. The neighbouring Heugh Battery meant Moor Terrace was in the firing line of the German attackers.

Are there any synonyms for the word bombardment?

Synonyms for bombardment include barrage, blitz, bombing, shelling, assault, attack, cannonade, fusillade, strafe and blitzkrieg. Find more similar words at wordhippo