2021-02-20

## What is ternary relationship in ER diagram?

A ternary relationship is an association among three entities. This type of relationship is required when binary relationships are not sufficient to accurately describe the semantics of the association. The ternary relationship construct is a single diamond connected to three entities as shown in Figure 2.3.

## How do you read a ternary relationship?

Assume the ternary relationship has participating entities A, B and C (for degree > 3 it gets pretty hairy). The way to read the relationship is to always isolate 2 out of the 3 participating entities and see how they relate towards the third one. And you need to do this for all possible pairs.

What is the minimum cardinality in an ERD if the relationship is optional?

The Crow’s Foot E-R diagram notation uses a circle to indicate a minimum cardinality of zero (or “optional”) and a hash mark to indicate a minimum cardinality of one (or “mandatory”). Each symbol is placed on the relationship line just beyond the symbol indicating maximum cardinality.

### What is a cardinality of relationship in ER model?

Cardinality. Cardinality defines the possible number of occurrences in one entity which is associated with the number of occurrences in another. For example, ONE team has MANY players. In an ER diagram, cardinality is represented as a crow’s foot at the connector’s ends.

### What are the two types of relationship constraints?

Two main types of relationship constraints: cardinality ratio and participation. cardinality ratio: for a binary relationship specifies the number of relationship instances that an entity can participate in.

What is ternary relationship example?

A ternary relationship is when three entities participate in the relationship. For Example: The University might need to record which teachers taught which subjects in which courses.

#### What is a weak relationship?

A weak or non-identifying relationship exists between two entities when the primary key of one of the related entities does not contain a primary key component of the other related entities.

#### What is the importance of determining minimum cardinality in a relationship?

A: You are correct in noticing that maximum cardinality is a more important characteristic of a relationship than minimum cardinality is. All minimum cardinality tells you is the minimum allowed number of rows a table must have in order for the relationship to be meaningful.

What is the maximum cardinality?

Maximum cardinality is defined as the maximum number of entity classes which are taking part in a relationship. There are three types of Maximum Cardinality: one-to-one, one-to-many, many-to-many.

## What are the four types of cardinality constraints?

Types of Cardinality Ratios-

• Many-to-Many cardinality (m:n)
• Many-to-One cardinality (m:1)
• One-to-Many cardinality (1:n)
• One-to-One cardinality (1:1 )

## What is the cardinality of a relationship?

The cardinality of a join between two tables is the numerical relationship between rows of one table and rows in the other. Common cardinalities include one-to-one, one-to-many, and many-to-many. For example, consider a database of electronic health records.