2021-04-05

## What is photoconductive cell explain its construction and working?

Photoconductive Cell Construction and Working – Light striking the surface of a material can provide sufficient energy to cause electrons within the material to break away from their atoms. Thus, free electrons and holes (charge carriers) are created within the material, and consequently its resistance is reduced.

### What is photoconductive cell?

: a photoelectric cell utilizing photoconductivity (as in a layer of selenium) so that an increase in illumination causes a decrease in electrical resistance and permits the flow of a greater electrical current.

What is the use of photoconductive cell?

Photoconductive cells are light-sensitive resistors in which resistance decreases with an increase in light intensity when illuminated. These devices consist of a thin single-crystal or polycrystalline film of compound semiconductor substances. These are used for low-frequency application.

What is photoconductive cell briefly give its construction and characteristics?

The photoconductive cell is a two terminal semiconductor device whose terminal resistance will vary (linearly) with the intensity of the incident light. For obvious reasons, it is frequently called a photoresistive device.

## How is photoconductivity calculated?

Experimental Methodology

1. Check the ohm law in the contacts in the dark.
2. Measure the residual conductivity (residual or dark current Io)
3. Measure the steady state photoconductivity for each wavelength.
4. Measure the lamp signal for each wavelength, correct according to the detector response (using a rule of three)

### What is the difference between photovoltaic and photoconductive?

The difference between these two classifications is that photoconductive detectors use the increase in electrical conductivity resulting from increases in the number of free carriers generated when photons are absorbed (generation of current), whereas photovoltaic current is generated as a result of the absorption of …

Which of the following is photoconductive cell?

Explanation: Photoconductive cells are materials which changes conductivity on the application of light. Explanation: Photo junction diodes are semiconductor layers formed by silicon and germanium which are used in photovoltaic cells. 9. Which of the following are used to form photo transistors?

What is the photoconductive effect?

An internal photoelectric effect in which some nonmetallic materials exhibit a marked increase in electrical conductivity upon absorption of photon energy. The incident photons excite electrons into the conduction band where they move more freely, resulting in increased electrical conductivity.

## What is photoconductivity response time?

The reported photoconductivity response time as measured from photocurrent decay ranged from a few tens of nanoseconds to a few minutes (Misra et al., 1995; Kung et al., 1995; Binet et al., 1996a).

### Is a photodiode photoconductive?

A photodiode can be operated in one of two modes: photoconductive (reverse bias) or photovoltaic (zero-bias). Mode selection depends upon the application’s speed requirements and the amount of tolerable dark current (leakage current).

How do photoconductive cells work?

Photoconductive cells function by receiving light energy, which in turn frees electrons from their valence bonds in semiconductor material. Embedding the conductive path within the semiconductor substrate, in a zig-zag pattern, will enhance the level of resistance.

What makes a photoconductive cell a photoresistive device?

The photoconductive cell is a two terminal semiconductor device whose terminal resistance will vary (linearly) with the intensity of the inci­dent light. For obvious reasons, it is frequently called a photoresistive device. The photoconductive materials most frequently used include cadmium sulphide (CdS)…

## How is photoconductivity related to optoelectronic processes?

The photoconductivityis the optoelectronic phenomenon focused on the electrical conductivity of electronic polymers due to the absorption of electromagnetic radiation such as visible light, UV, infrared, or gamma radiation. Photoconductive polymers are very good insulators in the dark, but they become conductive when exposed to light.

### What is the terminal resistance of a photoconductive cell?

Photoconductive cells. The photoconductive cell is a two terminal semiconductor device whose terminal resistance will vary (linearly) with the intensity of the inci­dent light.

How is unsourced material related to photoconductivity?

Unsourced material may be challenged and removed. Photoconductivity is an optical and electrical phenomenon in which a material becomes more electrically conductive due to the absorption of electromagnetic radiation such as visible light, ultraviolet light, infrared light, or gamma radiation.