What is ethylene glycerol?

2020-11-02 by No Comments

What is ethylene glycerol?

Ethylene glycol (IUPAC name: ethane-1,2-diol) is an organic compound with the formula (CH2OH)2. It is mainly used for two purposes, as a raw material in the manufacture of polyester fibers and for antifreeze formulations. It is an odorless, colorless, sweet-tasting, viscous liquid.

What is the formula of ethylene glycol?

Ethylene glycol/Formula

Is ethylene glycol same as glycerol?

Like the two glycols, it is a sweet, syrupy liquid. Glycerol is a product of the hydrolysis of fats and oils. Ethylene glycol is the main ingredient in many antifreeze mixtures for automobile radiators. The two OH groups lead to extensive intermolecular hydrogen bonding.

What is c2h6o2?

Ethylene Glycol is dihydroxy alcohol with a chemical formula C2H6O2. Ethylene glycol is also called ethane 1,2 diol. It is also known as Ethane-1,2-diol or Monoethylene glycol. It has no smell and is viscous. It is colourless and has a sweet taste.

What is the difference between alcohol and glycerol?

As nouns the difference between alcohol and glycerol is that alcohol is (organic chemistry|countable) any of a class of organic compounds (such as ethanol) containing a hydroxyl functional group (-oh) while glycerol is (organic compound) 1,2,3-trihydroxy-propane or propan-1,2,3-triol; a trihydric alcohol.

Which type of alcohol is glycerol?

trihydric alcohol
Glycerol is a simple trihydric alcohol in the form of clear, odorless viscous liquid which has a sweet taste. It is also hygroscopic in nature.

How do you make ethylene glycol at home?

The EO is first produced by the oxidation of ethylene in the presence of oxygen or air and a silver oxide catalyst. A crude ethylene glycol mixture is then produced by the hydrolysis of EO with water under pressure. The water-glycol mixture is fed to evaporators where the water is recovered and recycled.

What is in anti freeze?

Antifreeze is a liquid that prevents the radiator in cars from freezing or overheating. It’s also known as engine coolant. Although water-based, antifreeze also contains liquid alcohols like ethylene glycol, propylene glycol, and methanol. Propylene glycol is also an ingredient in some foods and cosmetics.

What does glycerol look like?

It is a colorless, odorless, viscous liquid that is sweet-tasting and non-toxic. The glycerol backbone is found in lipids known as glycerides….Glycerol.

Appearance Colorless hygroscopic liquid
Odor Odorless
Density 1.261 g/cm3
Melting point 17.8 °C (64.0 °F; 290.9 K)

What is the chemical name for glycerol?

Glycerol/IUPAC ID

Let’s review. Glycerol is a nontoxic, sweet tasting, and viscous fluid that has the chemical formula C3H8O3. It is a polyol, a compound that is made up of more than one hydroxyl group. Its chemical structure consists of three hydroxyl groups, which are -OH groups attached to the carbon atoms.

What is an example of glycerol?

Glycerol is also called glycerine (or glycerin). Nevertheless, the term “glycerol” is often used to indicate the presence of the compound as an ingredient of a product whereas “glycerine” (or glycerin) often pertains to the product name. For instance, the glycerin syrup is 99.7% glycerol.

What is the chemical formula for ethylene glycol?

The chemical formula for ethylene glycol is C2H6O2, and its molecular weight is 62.07 g/mol. (4)Ethylene glycol occurs as a clear, slightly viscous liquid that is completely miscible with water. (1,4,5)Ethylene glycol is odorless. (3)The vapor pressure for ethylene glycol is 0.06 mm Hg at 20 °C, and its log octanol/water partition

How big is the molecular weight of glycerol?

It has a molecular weight of 92.09 g/mol and its IUPAC name is 1, 2, 3- Propanetriol or 1, 2, 3- Trihydroxypropane. The chemical and molecular formula for glycerol (glycerine) is given as- Structural Formula of Glycerol Glycerol molecule consists of a 3-carbon chain with 3 hydroxyl groups (OH) attached to each of them.

What is the EPA reference dose for ethylene glycol?

(5) EPA has not established a Reference Concentration (RfC) for ethylene glycol. (7) The Reference Dose (RfD) for ethylene glycol is 2.0 milligrams per kilogram body weight per day (mg/kg/d) based on kidney toxicity in rats.

Why is the structure of ethylene glycol polar?

First, ethylene glycol comprises polar O-H groups; they are polar since oxygen is much more electronegative than hydrogen, and thus appears to polarize the pair of electrons in the O-H bond. To know more about the production, uses, and structure of Ethylene Glycol (C 2 H 6 O 2) register now.