What does Neisseria gonorrhoeae cause?

2019-05-30 by No Comments

What does Neisseria gonorrhoeae cause?

Gonorrhea is a sexually transmitted disease (STD) caused by infection with the Neisseria gonorrhoeae bacterium. N. gonorrhoeae infects the mucous membranes of the reproductive tract, including the cervix, uterus, and fallopian tubes in women, and the urethra in women and men.

Where is Neisseria gonorrhoeae found?

The most common site of Neisseria gonorrhoeae infection is the urogenital tract.

Can Neisseria gonorrhoeae be cured?

Yes, gonorrhea can be cured with the right treatment. It is important that you take all of the medication your doctor prescribes to cure your infection. Medication for gonorrhea should not be shared with anyone. Although medication will stop the infection, it will not undo any permanent damage caused by the disease.

What is the characteristic of a N. gonorrhoeae?

CHARACTERISTICS: Neisseria gonorrhoeae belongs to the genus Neisseria within the family Neisseriaceae 2. It is a Gram-negative, non-spore forming, non-motile, encapsulated, and non acid-fast bacteria, which appear in kidney bean shape under the microscope 1.

What is the best treatment for Neisseria gonorrhoeae?

Due to emerging strains of drug-resistant Neisseria gonorrhoeae, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention recommends that uncomplicated gonorrhea be treated with the antibiotic ceftriaxone — given as an injection — with oral azithromycin (Zithromax).

What antibiotics treat Neisseria gonorrhoeae?

How does gonorrhea enter the body?

Gonorrhea is a bacterial infection. You can get infected when the bacteria enter your body through the penis, anus, vagina or mouth, often during unprotected sex. You can also get or pass gonorrhea through sharing sex toys that haven’t been washed or covered with a new condom.

Can Gonorrhoea be transmitted orally?

Risk of infection from oral sex: Giving oral sex to a partner with an infected penis can result in getting gonorrhea in the throat. Giving oral sex to a partner with an infected vagina or urinary tract might result in getting gonorrhea in the throat.

What are the symptoms of Neisseria gonorrhoeae in women?

Neisseria gonorrhoeae infections may present as a broad range of symptoms and can affect urogenital, anorectal, pharyngeal, and conjunctival areas. Severe cases can lead to disseminated gonococcal infections, endocarditis, and meningitis; and in women, to pelvic inflammatory disease (PID).

What kind of resistance does Neisseria gonorrhoeae have?

These tests are highly sensitive and specific. Antimicrobial resistance in Neisseria gonorrhoeae has been categorized by the CDC as an “urgent threat” .

How did Neisseria gonnorhoeae get its name?

Neisseria gonnorhoeae is named for Albert Neisser, who isolated it as the causative agent of the disease gonorrhea in 1878. Galen (130 AD) coined the term “gonorrhea” from the Greek gonos which means “seed” and rhoe which means “flow”.

How does Neisseria gonorrhoeae prevent perinatal transmission?

Neisseria gonorrhoeae. Perinatal transmission may occur during childbirth, and may be prevented by antibiotic treatment of the mother before birth and the application of antibiotic eye gel on the eyes of the newborn. After an episode of gonococcal infection, infected persons do not develop immunity to future infections.