What are the side effects of sodium polystyrene sulfonate?

2019-11-06 by No Comments

What are the side effects of sodium polystyrene sulfonate?

Some side effects can be serious. If you experience any of these symptoms, stop taking or using sodium polystyrene sulfonate and call your doctor immediately:

  • constipation.
  • seizures.
  • unusual bleeding.
  • confusion.
  • muscle weakness.
  • abdominal pain.
  • fast, pounding, or irregular heartbeat.

How does sodium polystyrene sulfonate work?

What is sodium polystyrene sulfonate? Sodium polystyrene sulfonate binds itself to potassium in your digestive tract. This helps prevent your body from absorbing too much potassium. Sodium polystyrene sulfonate is used to treat high levels of potassium in the blood, also called hyperkalemia.

What is the action of Kayexalate?

Mechanism Of Action KAYEXALATE increases fecal potassium excretion through binding of potassium in the lumen of the gastrointestinal tract. Binding of potassium reduces the concentration of free potassium in the gastrointestinal lumen, resulting in a reduction of serum potassium levels.

How much liquid do I mix with Kayexalate?

Mix the powder with 3 to 4 milliliters (mL) of water or syrup. Each dose of the powder must be mixed with a liquid right before you take it. Stir the powder mixture to dissolve the medicine. Do not store the liquid mixture to take later.

How long does it take for Kayexalate to start working?

This drug has been a standard part of treatment of hyperkalemia for decades. Many of us were taught that if you give a patient a dose of kayexalate, you should expect there serum potassium to drop by 0.5 – 1.0 mEq in 4-6 hours.

What happens if you have too much potassium in your body?

Hyperkalemia occurs when potassium levels in your blood get too high. Potassium is an essential nutrient found in foods. This nutrient helps your nerves and muscles function. But too much potassium in your blood can damage your heart and cause a heart attack.

How long does it take Kayexalate to work?

When to use kalexate and what are the side effects?

Kalexate works differently from other medicines because it passes into your intestines without being absorbed into your blood stream. Kalexate may also be used for purposes not listed in this medication guide. You should not use Kalexate if you have low potassium levels or a bowel obstruction.

What is the generic name for kalexate sulfonate?

Kayexalate Generic name: sodium polystyrene sulfonate (SOE dee um pol ee STEER een SUL foe nate) Brand name: Kalexate, Kayexalate, Kionex Drug class: Cation exchange resins

How much sodium is in a teaspoon of kalexate?

(A heaping teaspoon may contain as much as 10 g to 12 g of Sodium Polystyrene Sulfonate, USP.) Since the in vivo efficiency of sodium-potassium exchange resins is approximately 33 percent, about one third of the resin’s actual sodium content is being delivered to the body.

How much potassium is in a gram of Kayexalate?

KAYEXALATE (sodium polystyrene sulfonate) is a cream or light brown fine powder of sodium polystyrene sulfonate. KAYEXALATE is a cation-exchange resin prepared in the sodium phase, with an in vivoexchange capacity of approximately 1 mmol (in vitro approximately 3.1 mmol) of potassium per gram.