What are the main foot abnormalities?

2021-01-10 by No Comments

What are the main foot abnormalities?

19 Common Foot Disorders

  • 19 Common Foot Disorders. Douglas A Albreski, DPM | July 12, 2016.
  • High Arch Foot or Pes Cavus.
  • Flat Foot or Pes Planus.
  • Hammer Toes and Claw Toes.
  • Bunion or Hallux Valgus.
  • Hallux Limitus.
  • Ingrown Toenail (Onychocryptosis, Unguis Incarnatus)
  • Athlete’s Foot or Tinea Pedis.

What is the deformity of ankle?

In children valgus deformities of the ankle joint are usually due to neurological conditions (spina bifida, poliomyelitis, spasticity). The deformity is characterized by a shortened fibula, wedging of distal tibial epiphysis and valgus tilt of the talus.

What are the most common childhood deformities of the foot?

Common Childhood Foot Deformities

  • Congenital Clubfoot.
  • Metatarsus Adductus.
  • Skewfoot.
  • Flatfoot.
  • Congenital Vertical Talus.
  • Calcaneovalgus Foot.

How do you treat inflammation of the foot?


  1. Rest: Stay off the foot or ankle.
  2. Ice: Apply an ice pack to the injured area, placing a thin towel between the ice and the skin.
  3. Compression: An elastic wrap should be used to control swelling.
  4. Elevation: The foot or ankle should be raised slightly above the level of your heart to reduce swelling.

How is foot deformity treated?

Depending on the type, cause, and severity of your deformity, we may consider options such as:

  1. Stretching and physical therapy.
  2. Custom orthotics.
  3. Changing the shoes you wear.
  4. Padding, taping, strapping, splinting, toe spacers, or other tools depending on the type of deformity.
  5. Activity modifications.

What causes splay foot?

What are the causes of splay feet? Two of the main causes of splay feet are being overweight or wearing unsuitable footwear. In the case of extra weight, feet have to carry a load that is beyond their capacities, which may result in the condition of splay feet.

How do you fix a deformed ankle?

How do you prevent foot deformities?

Wear supportive shoes that stabilize your midfoot and your heel without shifting your weight forward onto the ball of the foot. Choose wide models with plenty of room in the toe box as well. This way, your toes aren’t cramped into bent or curled positions, which could encourage a deformity over time.

What causes broken ankle?

The most common causes of a broken ankle include: Car accidents. The crushing injuries common in car accidents may cause breaks that require surgical repair. Falls. Tripping and falling can break bones in your ankles, as can landing on your feet after jumping down from just a slight height.

What is the structure of the ankle?

The ankle is the joint between the foot and leg, composed of three separate bones. The inner bone is the tibia, or shinbone, which supports most of a person’s weight when standing. The outer bone is the fibula, or calf bone.

What is the anatomy of the ankle?

Anatomy of the Ankle. The ankle joint is made up of three bones: the tibia (shinbone), the fibula (a smaller bone in the lower leg) and the talus (a small bone between the heel bone, tibia and fibula). In addition to these three bones, the ankle is also comprised of cartilage, which allows the bones to move smoothly against one another; ligaments,…