Can subungual exostosis turn cancerous?

2019-02-11 by No Comments

Can subungual exostosis turn cancerous?

A recurrence rate of 5–11% has been reported. The recurrence rate is a result of incomplete surgical excision. However, no case of malignant transformation has been reported. We reported on three cases of subungual osteochondroma, managed by excision with nail preservation technique.

What causes subungual exostosis?

The cause is unknown. Constant irritation to the bone has been proposed as a possible causative factor. Previous trauma and longstanding infection may contribute. There are two inherited conditions that can manifest as subungual exostosis: multiple exostoses syndrome and multiple exostoses-mental retardation syndrome.

How do you get rid of subungual exostosis?

Subungual Exostosis is treated with minor surgery. After the diagnosis is confirmed by a lateral X-ray of the affected finger or toe, a podiatrist can create a plan of action to remove the growth, and repair damage to the nail bed. The surgery is typically performed under a digital block.

Is exostosis a tumor?

Osteochondroma is the most common type of non-cancerous (benign) bone tumor. An osteochondroma is a hard mass of cartilage and bone that generally appears near the growth plate (a layer of cartilage at the ends of a child’s long bones).

What is exostosis of the toe?

A subungual exostosis (SE) is a bony overgrowth that is permanently attached to the tip of the distal phalanx. Its pathology differs from osteocartilaginous exostoses in that it mainly involves the overgrowth of normal bone, which may present beneath the toenail or on the sides of the toe.

What is Subungual melanoma?

Subungual melanoma is a serious type of skin cancer that occurs in the skin under your nails. Subungual melanomas are rare, seen in only 0.07% to 3.5% of the people in the world who have melanoma. But these melanomas can spread to other parts of your body and cause death.

What problems do exostosis cause?

Further bone growth related to exostosis can ultimately cause pain, discomfort, and blockages of air, mucus, or earwax, depending upon where the exostosis is located. Those with surfer’s ear may also develop complications. The bony growths can cause the ear canal to become blocked, trapping water and earwax inside.

What is removal of exostosis?

What is the removal of exostoses? The removal of exostoses is the surgical removal of the bony lumps in the ear. An exostosis of the ear is a benign bony growth projecting outward from the bone surface of the External Auditory Canal.

Can subungual exostosis come back?

A subungual exostosis is a growth of bone (or cartilage) under the toenail. The nail is pushed up over the exostosis and the only cure is to remove the exostosis. If the problem is dealt with before the nail becomes too deformed, the nail may grow back normally.

Is exostosis a bone spur?

An exostosis is an extra growth of bone that extends outward from an existing bone. Common types of exostoses include bone spurs, which are bony growths also known as osteophytes. An exostosis can occur on any bone, but is often found in the feet, hip region, or ear canal.

How is exostosis treated?

Treatment and prevention An exostosis may require no treatment at all. But in some cases, treatment may be necessary. For surfer’s ear: In more serious cases, surfer’s ear can be treated by an operation known as canalplasty. Wearing ear plugs or a head covering may be a way for surfers to avoid this type of exostosis.

How serious is Subungual melanoma?