Which building design is best in withstanding an earthquake?

2020-02-06 by No Comments

Which building design is best in withstanding an earthquake?

American high-rises are typically built with a concrete core that resists most of the seismic forces of an earthquake. Japanese high-rise construction commonly uses a grid of steel beams and columns that evenly distributes seismic forces across the structure and diagonal dampers that serve as shock absorbers.

What is bracing in earthquake?

Bracing is a highly efficient and economical method of resisting lateral force in a RC-frame Structure. Braced frame is a structural system, which is designed generally to withstand wind force and earthquake forces. Braced frames reduce lateral displacement, as well as the bending moment of frame structure.

How do you make a building that can withstand an earthquake?

How to Make A Building Earthquake-Proof

  1. Create a Flexible Foundation. One way to resist ground forces is to “lift” the building’s foundation above the earth.
  2. Counter Forces with Damping. You might be aware that cars have shock absorbers.
  3. Shield Buildings from Vibrations.
  4. Reinforce the Building’s Structure.

What is earthquake-resistant design?

Definition. Earthquake resistant design consists of an evaluation of the earthquake excitation and the structure response to this excitation at a particular site in order to provide a structural system that will not collapse, that may prevent loss of life and will limit economic loss during an earthquake.

Can a building collapse from earthquake?

The same effect happens to buildings during an earthquake. If the earthquake vibrations push on a building at or near its natural frequency, it will begin to resonate, which causes the building to move with greater amplitude until some part of the building collapses or fails and the building falls apart.

What kind of seismic bracing do you need for a new building?

FEMA’s Recommended Seismic Provisions for New Buildings and Other Structures ( FEMA P-749) offers some guidance, however: “Critical nonstructural components must be provided with seismic restraint” for buildings in seismic design category C.

When do buildings need to be protected from earthquakes?

One area where ASCE 7 sets the standard is determining when a structure and its infrastructure need seismic protections. Obviously, not all buildings need to be protected from earthquakes. ASCE 7 groups buildings (and their nonstructural elements) into seismic design categories (SDC).

How are the columns of a building affected by an earthquake?

Most earthquake ground motion is in a horizontal direction; so, it is a building’s columns which normally undergo the most displacement relative to the motion of the ground. Figure 3 also shows the damping device installed as part of the bracing system and gives some idea of its action.

What are the most important earthquake resistant design techniques?

Among the most important advanced techniques of earthquake resistant design and construction are: A base isolated structure is supported by a series of bearing pads which are placed between the building and the building’s foundation. (See Figure 1.) A variety of different types of base isolation bearing pads have now been developed.